The latest Marinids next made use of Marrakesh since an exercise crushed for the heirs to your throne, to sharpen its ruling enjoy

The latest Marinids next made use of Marrakesh since an exercise crushed for the heirs to your throne, to sharpen its ruling enjoy

Marrakesh failed to take on their eclipse gracefully, and you may a couple of times lent alone as a base for rebellions contrary to the Marinid rulers for the Fez. Brand new harbinger try the great 1279 revolt of your Sufyanid Arabs who’d recently found its way to the region, which had been crushed with issue of the resentful ibn Ali ibn Muhalli, an excellent Marinid visitors chieftain. The employment of brand new name khalifa (“successor”) in order to denote the office of your own governor of elizabeth into the utilize as a result. Nevertheless grandeur of old purple financial support a couple of times encouraged new younger princes to try large. One trainee, Abu Amir, is actually scarcely annually for the workplace in advance of he was recommended by the brand new Marrakeshis so you’re able to push back from inside the 1288 up against their father, brand new emir Abu Yaqub Yusuf. Shortly after Abu Yaqub’s dying inside the 1307, the latest Marrakesh governor, Yusuf ibn Abi Iyad, rebelled facing their relative, the ir, and you can proclaimed liberty. For the 1320, it was the brand new turn of Abu Ali, the new boy and you may heir of Abu Sa’id Uthman II, exactly who rebelled and you can seized Marrakesh. Spots was in fact stopped within the sultanate out-of Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman, when the heir Abu Inan rebelled inside the Fez into the 1349, as well as the governing sultan escaped to help you Marrakesh, and made you to definitely his foot.

Abu Inan’s very own guy and you may heir, al-Mu’tamid governed Marrakesh around alone – otherwise, way more truthfully, resentful al-Hintati, the highest captain of your Hintata of one’s Highest Atlas (one of many old Almohad Masmuda tribes). Al-Hintati reigned over the nearby part, produced the fresh new Marinid heir from inside the Marrakesh lower than his flash, and you will created a good modus vivendi for the sultan Abu Inan.

In pretty bad shape returned following loss of Abd al-Aziz I in the 1372. The latest Marinid empire was efficiently partitioned within the 1374 between Abu al-Abbas ibn Abi Salim for the Fez and his awesome relative Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Ifellusen in the Marrakesh. Nevertheless several rulers quarreled and by 1382, Abu al-Abbas outdone his rival and you can reconquered Marrakesh. New historical list thereafter are hidden, but it looks after a period of tranquility significantly less than Abu Abbas until 1393, age effectively a partial-independent state in the hands regarding powerful regional governors (probably Hintata chieftains once more), merely nominally susceptible to the fresh Marinid sultan in the Fez.

Al-Hintati remained grasp of the southern area after the death of Abi Inan into the 1358, when the Marinid state dropped on a mess, in addition to energy are battled more between several castle viziers when you look at the Fez

Inside the 1415, the latest Christian Empire off Portugal introduced a surprise assault and captured Ceuta, the first out of several incursions of the expansionary A holiday in greece toward Morocco who draw the majority of the next millennium. Though efficiently independent significantly less than Hintata emirs, paigns contributed from the sultans away from Fez resistant to the Portuguese intruders within Ceuta (1419) and you can Tangier (1437). Following the inability to recoup Ceuta, the brand new Marinid emir is assassinated into the 1420 and you can Morocco fragmented once again. The Wattasids, a related good members of the family, caught power from inside the Fez and governed as the regents and you can viziers to your part of your own Marinid child-sultan Abd al-Haqq II, but their expert don’t extremely continue much beyond Fez, and Marrakesh remained around separate (indeed immediately following 1430) in the possession of regarding Hintata emirs.

Shortly after central powers are recovered by the fresh new Marinid sultan Abd al-Aziz We , al-Hintati ran towards the open rebellion for the 1367 but was sooner defeated inside 1370 and you will Marrakesh re also-annexed

Sufism had arrived in brand new Maghreb and you may regional Sufi marabouts emerged to help you complete the latest vacuum cleaner out-of decreasing Marinid main stamina. No less than two head branches out of Sufi maraboutism will be known:- this new Shadhiliyya (strong into the Marrakesh, new Sous, the newest Rif and you can Tlemcen), are far more significant and you can oppositional with the dependent Marinid-Wattasid bodies, once the Qadiriyya (influential from inside the Fez, Touat, Algiers and Bougie) is actually much more average and you may collaborative. Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (“Sidi Ben Slimane”), good Sufi Shadhili imam on the Sous, catapulted in order to prominence from the middle-fifteenth century. Becoming an excellent sharif (we.elizabeth. an effective descendant in the class of the brand new Prophet Muhammad), Imam al-Jazuli rode a revolution regarding nostalgia on 9th-100 years sharifian Idrisids, whose common cult had recently been restored, partially since the a beneficial contradistinction to your unpopular Marinids-Wattasids.

This entry was posted in i-migliori-siti-di-incontri visitors. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply